The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. Kharif: It is sown in June or July and harvested in September or October. Difference Between Assets and Liabilities, Difference Between Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Communication, Difference Between Training and Internship, Difference Between Micro and Macro Economics, Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries, Difference Between Management and Administration, Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Difference Between Single Use Plan and Standing Plan, Difference Between Autonomous Investment and Induced Investment, Difference Between Packaging and Labelling, Difference Between Discipline and Punishment, Difference Between Hard Skills and Soft Skills, Difference Between Internal Check and Internal Audit, Difference Between Measurement and Evaluation, Difference Between Percentage and Percentile. The general period of sowing starts from June till November depending on the area. Answer: Wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard. Major bajra producing states were Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and … The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. : (i) Rabi (ii) Kharif Rabi: It is sown in October or December and harvested in April or May. Major crops are: barely, wheat, peas, gram and mustard. The crops across India are grown mainly in 2 crop seasons – Kharif and Rabi. Learn more. AREA AND PRODUCTION OF CROPS IN 2019-20 (4th estm) Crops Area (Million hectare) Production (Million ton) Kharif Rabi Total Kharif Rabi Total Rice 39.02 4.76 43.78 101.98 16.45 118.43 Wheat - 31.45 31.45 - 107.59 107.59 Sorghum 1.71 3.00 4.71 1.64 3.09 4.73 Bajra 7.52 - 7.52 10.28 - 10.28 Maize 7.68 2.04 9.72 19.63 9.01 28.64 Ragi 0.99 - 0.99 1.74 - 1.74 Small millets 0.48 - 0.48 0.40 - 0.40 How many crops of paddy are grown in a year in the states like Assam, West Bengal and Orissa and they are termed as which of the following? Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. Months – Rabi Crop Months – … On the contrary, for growing rabi crops cold and dry weather is required and longer day length for its flowering. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. "Production volume of bajra during kharif season in India from financial year 2010 to 2019, with an estimate for 2020 (in million metric tons)." Common kharif crops. At the time of growth, Kharif crops require warm wet weather and shorter length of day for flowering. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. The mandated crops are 6 rabi crops, 14 crops of the Kharif season, and two other commercial crops. The crops that are sown beginning of monsoon season or rainy season (June – July) are Kharif crops. Major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc. language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west monsoon season Like Paddy, Maize, Soyabean, Jowar, Bajra, Arahar, Ground Nut, Cotton etc The crops that are sown in the winter season are called Rabi crops. Cotton is considered as a fiber … The book is divided into two parts, kharif crops and rabi crops, covering as many as 48 crops. Kharif crops refer to the crops sown in South Asian countries with the beginning of the rainy season. Madhya Pradesh has so far procured 727,115 tn of key kharif crops—-jowar, bajra, and paddy--harvested in 2020-21 (Jul-Jun) under the price support … In total it includes; Cereals (7) - wheat, paddy, bajra, … Crops that are grown in the winter season, from November to April are called Rabi Crops. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. Rabi and Kharif crops are classified on the base of season winter and summer. There are two major crop seasons in India, viz. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops. On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. The crops that are sown before the winter season (October – November) are Rabi Crops. Kharif Crops Examples: Some examples of Kharif crops are rice, bajra, groundnut, cotton etc. User Name : Password : CROP ACREAGE Also the timing interval between the rains. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. It is grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. Examples of Kharif Crops. ... Bajra grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. Question 11. 29. Kharif crops stand in contrast to the rabi crops, which are cultivated during the dry season. At the other extreme, Rabi crops involve crops that occur when the rainy season ends and the winter season begins. Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. Unlike, the best time to harvest Rabi crops is in March and April. kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. Following is the brief list of rabi and kharif crop of Pakistan. Log in, MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers, Some Good Novels to Improve English Reading Skills, IGNOU B.Com Course 2021 – Admission, Eligibility, Fees, Exam Date, Syllabus, Best Books To Improve English Speaking Skills, How to Answer ‘How Are You’ and ‘What’s Up’ in English, 10 Essential Grammar Rules for Spoken English, IGNOU B.Sc Course 2021 – Eligibility, Admission, Fee, Exam Date and Syllabus, CMC Courses & Syllabus 2021 | Download Christian Medical College Courses Syllabus PDF, CMI Courses And Syllabus 2021 | Chennai Mathematical Institute Courses, IGNOU BA Course 2021 – Admission, Exam Date, Fee Structure & Syllabus, CUTN Courses & Syllabus 2021 | List of Central University of Tamil Nadu Courses, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nd-0HFd58P8. Kharif crops are harvested in September and October. Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. Rice is the most common example of a Kharif crop. In the 2019 kharif season, the state agriculture department had projected kharif sowing on 6.36 lakh hectres in the district. It requires a lot of water and hot weather to grow. Cotton: Cotton is another Kharif crop, a tropical & subtropical crop. Excessive rains towards the end of the kharif season has delayed the harvesting, which in turn has delayed rabi … Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. However, the Kharif season differs from state-to-state within India. Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. Bajra is … The three cropping seasons are Rabi, Kharif, and Zaid, which completes the whole sowing cycle in India. during the winter season. The rabi season has taken off on a lukewarm note in Telangana. Rabi, kharif and zaid. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. Your email address will not be published. May 15, 2020. Question 12. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. For example, Padd… Name some of the important rabi crops of India. Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India and Pakistan . The sowing months of Kharif crops are June and July. Requirement Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Rabi crops are mainly cultivated using irrigation since monsoons are already over by November. MahaAgriTech Department of Agriculture, Government of Maharashtra. There are 5 crops mainly grown during Rabi and 7 crops during Kharif. (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. It requires huge amount of water and hot weather to grow. On the other extreme, Rabi crops imply the crops that are grown when the rainy season is over and the winter season begins. Conversely, rabi crops are usually sown in October and November. The difference between Kharif and rabi crops can be clearly drawn on the following grounds: Kharif crops refer to crops planted in the countries of South Asia with the beginning of the rainy season. Learn more. We have Provided Agriculture Class 10 Geography MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. These are sown either alone or in combination with Arhar. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Major crops are: bajra, cotton, jowar, rice and jute. Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these. Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Maize, cotton, bajra, moong, urad, soybean, jowar and bajra are the major kharif crops in the region. Rice. Kharif Crops Rabi Crops; Meaning: Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture with Answers Pdf free download. during the winter season. It contains the latest, authoritative and readily usable information about the cultivation techniques, varieties, nutrient/water/weed management along with specific climatic/soil requirements of all the crops. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. kharif meaning: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. A warm climate is required for seed germination and cold climate for the growth of crops. Chart. Kharif crops need a lot of water and hot weather to grow, whereas rabi crops require a warm weather for the germination of seeds and cold climate to grow. Flowering requires … It requires warm climate for seed germination and cold climate to grow. Following are some of the examples of Kharif crops: Rice; Maize; Sorghum; Bajra; Soybean; Cotton; Also Read: Agricultural Practices Privacy, Difference Between Latitude and Longitude. 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