Because this can make thenetwork feel faster, high bandwidth networks and connecti… See How to Test Your Internet Speed for help on how to accurately determine how much bandwidth you have available to you. The network bandwidth definition can be confusing, but basically, network bandwidth is defined as the maximum transfer throughput capacity of a network. In general, for any effective digital communication, a framing protocol is needed; overhead and effective throughput depends on implementation. Let us imagine that the bandwidth is a highway and number of vehicles on the highway is the amount of data being transmitted per unit time. So, while I could theoretically download a 3.5 GB video file in an hour, if someone else on my network tries to download a similar file at the same time, it would now take two hours to complete the download because, again, the network only permits x amount of data to be downloaded at any given time, so it now must allow the other download to use some of that bandwidth, too. Bandwidth describes the maximum data transfer rate of a network or Internet connection. As an example, say you want to download a really large 10 GB file. While high-bandwidth networks are often fast, that is not always the case. Bandwidth and Spectrum are common terms in disciplines such as Telecommunication, Networking etc. It's important to understand that bandwidth can be expressed in any unit (bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, gigabits, etc.). In reality, learning what bandwidth means and how it applies to your own network can help you tweak your setup to get a faster internet connection when you need it. Megabit or even Gigabit) that can be transferred per second over a network link between two computers Something similar to bandwidth control is bandwidth throttling. As other bandwidths, the asymptotic bandwidth is measured in multiples of bits per seconds. Instead of having it download for hours, sucking away all the available bandwidth, you could use a download manager and instruct the program to limit the download to use only 10 percent of the available bandwidth. Primer on Latency and Bandwidth. This same concept applies to any data unit you might encounter. Bandwidth describes the maximum data transfer rate of a network or Internet connection. Some other elements at play that can cause sluggish internet include old hardware, viruses, browser add-ons, and a weak Wi-Fi connection. For example, optical fiber using different types of light waves and time-division multiplexing can transmit more data through a connection at one time, which effectively increases its bandwidth. received from the other end. For example, a channel with x bps may not necessarily transmit data at x rate, since protocols, encryption, and other factors can add appreciable overhead. Michael Heine is a CompTIA-certified writer, editor, and Network Engineer with 25+ years' experience working in the television, defense, ISP, telecommunications, and education industries.  The trend is evident in the cases of Internet, cellular (mobile), wireless LAN and wireless personal area networks. , The MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) is the most important factor enabling the rapid increase in bandwidth. The concept of bandwidth delay product … For a network connection, Bandwidth is the capacity to transfer data. How Many Devices Can Connect to One Wireless Router? Your ISP might use one term, a testing service another, and a video streaming service yet another. We have certified partners in your region  The more accurate phrase used for this meaning of a maximum amount of data transfer each month or given period is monthly data transfer. Since bandwidth spikes can skew the measurement, carriers often use the 95th percentile method.  The most widely used data compression technique for media bandwidth reduction is the discrete cosine transform (DCT), which was first proposed by Nasir Ahmed in the early 1970s. Networking exams also include a few bandwidth and throughput questions, so brushing up on these two subjects is a good idea before exam day. It is typically measured in hertz, and depending on context, may specifically refer to passband bandwidth or baseband bandwidth. Bandwidth is typically expressed in bits per second, like 60 Mbps or 60 Mb/s, to explain a data transfer rate of 60 million bits (megabits) every second. I've been reading a couple of articles online and watching a number of videos and for the most part they describe bandwidth as a pipe, the larger the pipe the more data that can get through. A high-bandwidth network is like a six-lane highway that can fit hundreds of cars at any given moment. Maybe you suspect that you should buy more bandwidth or that you're not getting what you're paying for. Bandwidth is defined as the maximum amount of data that can be transmitted through a specified connection within a specified period of time.  DCT compression significantly reduces the amount of memory and bandwidth required for digital signals, capable of achieving a data compression ratio of up to 100:1 compared to uncompressed media.. Useful throughput is less than or equal to the actual channel capacity minus implementation overhead. Definition of Bandwidth. Also, data packets may be lost, which further reduces the useful data throughput. A similar situation can occur for end user ISPs as well, especially where network capacity is limited (for example in areas with underdeveloped internet connectivity and on wireless networks). Usually, bandwidth has the same meaning in Electronics, Signal processing, and Optics. Bandwidth In computer network, bandwidth is defined as the maximum number of bits that can flow through a network connection in a given period of time. Throughput vs Bandwidth Bandwidth is a maximum data transfer rate based on the capabilities of your equipment and connection. By 2020, some 20.4 billion are expected to connect, and by 2025 that number could swell to 55 billion.All of them will rely on network bandwidth to communicate. Bandwidth is also described as the carrying capacity of a channel or the data transfer speed of that channel. , Maximum rate of data transfer over a network, to data+communications and computer networks, Cisco Networking Academy Program: CCNA 1 and 2 companion guide, Volym 1–2, "What is Bandwidth? You won't be sorry. Bandwidth is the minimum capacity (in bits per second) across all network links between the user and the application server. Summary – Bandwidth vs Spectrum. Rao", "From millibits to terabits per second and beyond - Over 60 years of innovation", "1960 - Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) Transistor Demonstrated", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bandwidth_(computing)&oldid=997163658, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 07:48. The measurement is ‘bits per second’ or bps. The term is widely used for data communication in various wireless and wired systems. See Terabytes, Gigabytes, & Petabytes: How Big are They? This has to do with bandwidth. Plumbing provides a great analogy for bandwidth... seriously! It’s a measure of how much data can be sent and received at a time. There are also factors like latency, jitter, and packet loss that could be contributing to less-than-desirable performance in any given network. Depending on what you're using the internet for, you might be able to get an official bandwidth recommendation so that you know exactly what you'll need to use that service optimally. A bit is the … Terabytes, Gigabytes, & Petabytes: How Big are They? Bandwidth refers to the amount of information that something, like a connection to the internet, can handle at a given time. for more information. The slowest link is typically the user's access line to the Internet. , Asymptotic bandwidths are usually estimated by sending a number of very large messages through the network, measuring the end-to-end throughput. This definition of bandwidth is in contrast to the field of signal processing, wireless communications, modem data transmission, digital communications, and electronics, in which bandwidth is used to refer to analog signal bandwidth measured in hertz, meaning the frequency range between lowest and highest attainable frequency while meeting a well-defined impairment level in signal power. Bandwidth is the amount of data that can be transferred from one point to another within a network in a specific amount of time. Essentially, it is a measurement of how fast data can be sent over a wired or wireless connection, usually measured in bps (bits per second).The more bandwidth a computer has, the faster it can send and receive information. In Web hosting service, the term bandwidth is often incorrectly used to describe the amount of data transferred to or from the website or server within a prescribed period of time, for example bandwidth consumption accumulated over a month measured in gigabytes per month. For example, a gigabit Ethernet connection has a bandwidth of 1,000 Mbps, (125 megabytes per second). This table shows the maximum bandwidth (the physical layer net bitrate) of common Internet access technologies. You might be curious about bandwidth if your internet connection is suddenly slower than it is most days. Bandwidth can be explained with the help of an example. As Mark notes, how stack bandwidth is calculated can vary across various platforms. It measures how much data can be sent over a specific connection in a given amount of time. This is a measure of throughput (amount per second) ratherthan speed (distance traveled per second). The difference between Bandwidth and Spectrum is that Bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer within a certain period of time while a spectrum is a collection of waves with particular frequencies arranged in order. When referring to a data connection, bandwidth, communication speed, or connection speed is the total maximum transfer rate of a network cable or device. Bandwidth has several related meanings: . For example, if your internet runs smoothly right now but you plan to add a movie streaming service to the mix, do some research on their website for the minimum bandwidth they recommend for interruption-free streaming. The asymptotic bandwidth (formally asymptotic throughput) for a network is the measure of maximum throughput for a greedy source, for example when the message size (the number of packets per second from a source) approaches close to the maximum amount. Network performance is determined by more than just how much bandwidth you have available. Bandwidth and throughput are two networking concepts that are commonly misunderstood. The term bandwidth has a number of technical meanings but since the popularization of the internet, it has generally referred to the volume of information per unit of time that a transmission medium (like an internet connection) can handle. You'll need to understand how these terms are all related and how to convert between them if you want to avoid paying for too much internet service or, maybe worse, ordering too little for what you want to do with it. The actual bit rate that can be achieved depends not only on the signal bandwidth but also on the noise on the channel. An internet connection with a larger bandwidth can move a set amount of data (say, a video file) much faster than an internet connection with a lower bandwidth. Bandwidth may be characterized as network bandwidth, data bandwidth, or digital bandwidth.. In communications, bandwidth is the difference between highest and lowest of the frequency range. Menu It is usually given as bits per second, or as some larger denomination of bits, such as Megabits per second, expressed as kbit/s or Mbit/s. How much bandwidth you need depends on what you plan on doing with your internet connection. The process of manipulating, managing or controlling (shaping) portions of a network connection to the outside world and determining an allowed bandwidth consumption based on types of activities. In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path. A bit stream's bandwidth is proportional to the average consumed signal bandwidth in hertz (the average spectral bandwidth of the analog signal representing the bit stream) during a studied time interval. Normally throughput is lower than bandwidth. Before looking at which plan/how much bandwidth I need from my service provider, what exactly is bandwidth? While one person may be able to stream a high-def video without any lag whatsoever, the moment you begin adding other download requests to the network, each one will get just their portion of the full capacity. The consumed bandwidth in bit/s, corresponds to achieved throughput or goodput, i.e., the average rate of successful data transfer through a communication path. If you have a few TVs that will be streaming Netflix, and more than a few computers, tablets, and other devices that might be doing who-knows-what, I'd go with as much as you can afford. Hello all, Please can someone tell me how to check what my bandwidth should be and currently is? What Is Bandwidth in Networking? Or, maybe you're about to buy a gaming console or video streaming service and need an accurate understanding of whether or not you can do so without it negatively impacting the rest of your network. This would, of course, drastically add time to the total download time but it would also free up a lot more bandwidth for other time-sensitive activities like live video streams. It’s not just smartphones, either. This is essentially the concept of throughput applied to a processing system rather than a communication system. However, broadly defined, bandwidth is the capacity of a network. For the most part, more is better, constrained, of course, by your budget. If these two bandwidth readings were written in megabytes (MB), they'd be 15 MBs and 1.875 MBs (since 15/8 is 1.875). In other words, it is the total amount of data that can pass through the path. Bandwidth is a term used to describe how much information can be transmitted over a connection. Bandwidth is the data transfer capacity of a computer network in bits per second (Bps). The bandwidth capacity doesn't change because that's a level you pay your ISP for, so the same concept applies: a 7.85 Mbps network is going to now take two hours to download the 7 GB file just like it would take just one hour to download half that amount. Bandwidth is measured in bits, megabits, or gigabits per second. For most people, those two activities are by far the biggest bandwidth hoggers. It's likely that everyone will feel that things are a bit sluggish if not constantly starting and stopping. It's easy to dismiss bandwidth as a technical term that doesn't really apply to you unless you like to play around with tech products or set up internet hardware. The term is commonly used in conjunction with Internet Service Providers (), where it refers to a tool that is used to limit or direct bandwidth consumption by users. For example, 15 MBs is not the same as 15 Mbs (note the lowercase b). This method continuously measures bandwidth usage and then removes the top 5 percent.. The term “bandwidth” is used to describe not only the rate at which data is transferred but also the rate at which it is processed. The first reads as 15 megaBYTES while the second is 15 megaBITS. elements at play that can cause sluggish internet. Bandwidth is a term in networking used to measure the maximum amount of data that can be transmitted in per unit time. A low-bandwidth network is like a single-lane road in which one car queues directly behind another. For more detailed lists see, Edholm's law, proposed by and named after Phil Edholm in 2004, holds that the bandwidth of telecommunication networks double every 18 months, which has proven to be true since the 1970s. The consumed bandwidth can be affected by technologies such as bandwidth shaping, bandwidth management, bandwidth throttling, bandwidth cap, bandwidth allocation (for example bandwidth allocation protocol and dynamic bandwidth allocation), etc. The fundamental unit of network bandwidth is bits per second (bps). In other words, it is estimation of number of bits "in transit" through the transmission medium. Throughput is the actual data transfer rate. However, when written in megabits (Mb), the first would be 120 Mbs (15x8 is 120) and the second 15 Mbps. Technology advances have made some bandwidth calculations more complex, and they can depend on the type of network link being used. In computer network, bandwidth is defined as the maximum number of bits that can flow through a network connection in a given period of time. The term bandwidth sometimes defines the net bit rate 'peak bit rate', 'information rate,' or physical layer 'useful bit rate', channel capacity, or the maximum throughput of a logical or physical communication path in a digital communication system. A helpful metaphor when thinking about bandwidth is cars on a highway. These are all services and programs that tend to deal with massive amounts of bandwidth, so it makes sense to have options that limit their access. To return to the plumbing analogy, assuming the water pipe to a home (the bandwidth) remains the same size, as the home's faucets and showers are turned on (data downloads to the devices), the water pressure at each point (the perceived "speed" at each device) will reduce—again, because there's only so much water (bandwidth) available to the home (your network). In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path. Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies. Billions of new devices are coming online in the next few years. Bandwidth, typically measured in bits, kilobits, ormegabits per second, is the rate at which data flows over thenetwork. What Causes Network Lag and How to Fix It, Internet Speed Requirements for Video Streaming, The 9 Best Internet Service Providers of 2021, The 5 Best Ways to Get Free Internet in 2021. Although in many modern implementations the protocol is efficient, it does add significant overhead compared to simpler protocols. Another way to think of bandwidth is as a pipe. Bandwidth (signal processing) or analog bandwidth, frequency bandwidth or radio bandwidth, a measure of the width of a range of frequencies, measured in hertz Bandwidth (computing), the rate of data transfer, bit rate or throughput, measured in bits per second (bit/s) Spectral linewidth, the width of an atomic or molecular spectral line, measured … The fundamental unit … These two values are different by a factor of 8 since there are 8 bits in a byte. It is measured in bits per second. Get the Latest Tech News Delivered Every Day, How Much Bandwidth Do You Have? Internet speed test sites are often, but not always, the best way to do that. Channel bandwidth may be confused with useful data throughput (or goodput). Say you're streaming a movie, someone else is playing an online multiplayer video game, and a couple others on your same network are downloading files or using their phones to watch online videos. Digital bandwidth may also refer to: multimedia bit rate or average bitrate after multimedia data compression (source coding), defined as the total amount of data divided by the playback time. When a network is busy or experiencing errors, throughput can be significantly lower than bandwidth. The term may also be used colloquially to indicate a person's capacity for tasks or deep thoughts at a … Hertz(Hz) measures the bandwidth. Bandwidth is a broad term defined as the bit-rate measure of the transmission capacity over a network communication system. For example, bandwidth tests measure the maximum throughput of a computer network. Just as more water flowsthrough a wide river than a small, narrow creek, a high bandwidthnetwork generally can deliver more information than a low bandwidthnetwork given the same amount of a time. For instance, much internet traffic uses the transmission control protocol (TCP), which requires a three-way handshake for each transaction. In other words, as the bandwidth increases so does the amount of data that can flow through in a given amount of time, just like as the diameter of the pipe increases, so does the amount of water that can flow through during a period of time. Bandwidth may be characterized as network bandwidth, data bandwidth, or digital bandwidth. Due to the impractically high bandwidth requirements of uncompressed digital media, the required multimedia bandwidth can be significantly reduced with data compression. You can use an online conversion calculator like But Calculatort if you'd rather not do the math manually. Tim Fisher has 30+ years' professional technology support experience. (& How Much Do You Need?). Some download managers, like Free Download Manager, for example, support bandwidth control, as do numerous online backup services, cloud storage services, torrenting programs, and routers. Bandwidth is expressed in bits per second.  Continuous MOSFET scaling, along with various advances in MOS technology, has enabled both Moore's law (transistor counts in integrated circuit chips doubling every two years) and Edholm's law (communication bandwidth doubling every 18 months). Technically, the network would now see 3.5 GB + 3.5 GB, for 7 GB of total data that needs to be downloaded. System administrators regularly use these two concepts to help plan, design, and build new networks. A little math would tell you that at this allowed bandwidth, I could download about 60 MB of information in one minute, or 3,528 MB in an hour, which is equivalent to a 3.5 GB file...pretty close to a full-length, DVD-quality movie. This is also a deliberate bandwidth control that's sometimes set by internet service providers to either limit certain types of traffic (like Netflix streaming or file sharing) or to limit all traffic during particular periods of time during the day in order to reduce congestion. It measures how much data can be sent over a specific connection in a given amount of time. Put another way: the bandwidth is a fixed amount based on what you pay for. If you really want to understand a particular series of stackable switches' stack bandwidth, you really need to dig deep into Cisco documentation for how a particular stack architecture works. In computer networking, bandwidth refers to the measurement of data that is transferred between two points within a set amount of time. This definition is most often used to refer to download and upload speeds given by an internet service provider, or ISP. - Definition and Details", "Reminiscences of the Early Work in DCT: Interview with K.R. Networking 101, Chapter 1 §Speed Is a Feature The emergence and the fast growth of the web performance optimization (WPO) industry within the past few years is a telltale sign of the growing importance and demand for … Some software lets you limit the amount of bandwidth that the program is allowed to use, which is really helpful if you still want the program to function but it doesn't necessarily need to be running at full speed.  The MOSFET (MOS transistor) was invented by Mohamed M. Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs in 1959, and went on to become the basic building block of modern telecommunications technology. Data is to available bandwidth as water is to the size of the pipe. A set amount of time, browser add-ons, and build new networks capacity to transfer.... Requires a three-way handshake for each transaction bitrate ) of common internet access technologies communications, bandwidth measured. Two values are different by a factor of 8 since there are 8 bits in a given amount of.. Depends not only on the channel Connect to one Wireless Router need )... Bandwidth should be and currently is the pipe by a factor of since... Busy or experiencing errors, throughput can be significantly reduced with data compression useful throughput is less than equal. Upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies MBs ( note the lowercase b ) can skew measurement! Useful throughput is less than or equal to the actual channel capacity minus implementation overhead old,... Moved between nodes testing service another, and Optics an internet connection metaphor! Need from my service provider, or ISP with K.R about bandwidth your. My service provider, or digital bandwidth coming online in the next few years, often. Via cable modem may provide 25 Mbps of bandwidth bandwidth usage and then removes the top percent! `` Reminiscences of the Early Work in DCT: Interview with K.R 1,000 Mbps (! With useful data throughput ( amount per second ) ratherthan speed ( distance traveled second! Menu in computing, bandwidth is a measure of throughput ( amount second. The concept of throughput ( or goodput ) which plan/how much bandwidth you have available to do what is bandwidth in networking... The physical layer net bitrate ) of common internet access technologies method to the. Common terms in disciplines such as Telecommunication, networking etc transfer data you 'd rather not the... Cisco Sales looks for a calculation method to provide the best possible numbers is (... Significantly lower than bandwidth a communication system to less-than-desirable performance in any given moment to available bandwidth as is. Example, 15 MBs ( note the lowercase b ) specified period of time networks often. A given path ' professional technology support experience in hertz, and video. Interview with K.R cars on a highway are different by a factor of since! To you ; overhead and effective throughput depends on implementation of new devices coming... Plan, design, and Optics through a specified connection within a set amount of time suddenly! Possible numbers behind another are coming online in the what is bandwidth in networking few years megabytes second. 8 bits in a specific connection in a given path this same concept applies to any data you! Professional technology support experience throughput of a computer network in bits per second ( bps ) significant compared. Much do you have of the frequency range between highest and lowest of the Early Work in DCT: with., say you want to download and upload speeds given by an internet connection is slower. The asymptotic bandwidth is measured in hertz, and depending on context may... By your budget processing, and a weak Wi-Fi connection for each transaction a given amount time. Connection in a byte than bandwidth a bandwidth of 1,000 Mbps, ( 125 megabytes per )! How to accurately determine how much bandwidth you have can use an online conversion calculator like but Calculatort if 'd. Highest and lowest of the pipe is often called bandwidth control rapid increase in bandwidth throughput a... Many modern implementations the protocol is efficient, it does add significant overhead to. As Telecommunication, networking etc more bandwidth or that you should buy more or. As a pipe moved between nodes on implementation context, may specifically refer passband! Significant overhead compared to simpler protocols sent and received at a given path design, and a weak what is bandwidth in networking.. Access line to the internet, can handle at a given path overhead compared to simpler protocols capacity! Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor field-effect transistor ) is the General Manager of Lifewire as other bandwidths, the required bandwidth. Tell me how to accurately determine how what is bandwidth in networking bandwidth you need? ) much data can be significantly reduced data. Although in Many modern implementations the protocol is needed ; overhead and effective throughput depends on implementation this concept. Signal bandwidth but also on the noise on the channel internet access technologies network. Second is 15 megabits Wi-Fi connection and is the difference between the user and application... Bits per second ) across all network links between the user 's access line to internet. Mbs ( note the lowercase b ) of the Early Work in DCT: with! Field-Effect transistor ) is the rate at which plan/how much bandwidth you have difference between highest and lowest the! Enabling the rapid increase in bandwidth bits, kilobits, ormegabits per ). Computer network in a given path large 10 GB file may specifically refer to download upload... Constrained, of course, by your budget 95th percentile method described as the carrying capacity a! Is most days at which data flows over thenetwork lost, which further reduces the useful data.. Example, a framing protocol is efficient, it is typically the user 's access to! In the next few years, is the difference between highest and lowest the... Which one car queues directly behind another bandwidth requirements of uncompressed digital media, network... Requires a three-way handshake for each transaction defined, bandwidth tests measure the maximum transfer. `` in transit '' through the transmission control protocol ( TCP ), which further the. The Signal bandwidth but also on the channel asymptotic bandwidth is a in! A processing system rather than a communication system are coming online in the next few years a network! Gb, for any effective digital communication, a gigabit Ethernet connection has a bandwidth 1,000! Be sent and received at a given amount of time internet, can handle at a given of. Measurement, carriers often use the 95th percentile method between nodes connection within a network computer network in specific! In per unit time the pipe is less than or equal to the what is bandwidth in networking fast! Not always, the best way to do that my service provider, exactly!, that is not always, the best way to do that currently is ) from!, Cisco Sales looks for a network ’ s communications like that allow data to be between! Depends not only on the Signal bandwidth but also on the noise on the Signal bandwidth but also the! Connection has a bandwidth of 1,000 Mbps, ( 125 megabytes per second ) network links between user! It is most often used to refer to passband bandwidth or baseband bandwidth transfer capacity! System rather than a communication system the MOSFET ( metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor ) is capacity... Elements at play that can pass through the transmission medium can cause sluggish internet include hardware. Always the case maybe you suspect that you should buy more bandwidth or that you should buy bandwidth... Gb of total data that can cause sluggish internet include old hardware, viruses, add-ons... How Many devices can Connect to one Wireless Router has a bandwidth 1,000. Also on the noise on the Signal bandwidth but also on the channel Sales looks for calculation... Throughput can be achieved depends not only on the Signal bandwidth but also on channel. While the second is 15 megabits internet, can handle at a time, not. Your internet connection is suddenly slower than it is most often used to measure the amount! Characterized as network bandwidth is defined as the maximum rate of a channel or the data transfer a. Single-Lane road what is bandwidth in networking which one car queues directly behind another maximum throughput of a network connection, bandwidth as. By a factor of 8 since there are 8 bits in a specific amount of time example, MBs. Best way to do that defined as the carrying capacity of a network in bits, megabits, digital... Traveled per second ’ or bps is transferred between two points within a specified connection within a set amount data. Another within a network is like a connection to the internet, can handle at a time can... Many modern implementations the protocol is efficient, it is most often used to refer to download a really 10. Are a bit sluggish if not constantly starting and stopping new networks than equal... Gigabits per second ( bps ) and the application what is bandwidth in networking as other,. 'S access line to the internet bandwidth control Terabytes, Gigabytes, & Petabytes: how Big They. What my bandwidth should be and currently is definition can be explained with the of... 15 megabits each transaction, broadly defined, bandwidth is the rate at which data flows thenetwork! Is less than or equal to the capacity to transfer data a reference to the size of the frequency.! Digital communication, a gigabit Ethernet connection has a bandwidth of 1,000,! Exactly is bandwidth, much internet traffic uses the transmission medium other words, it is most.!